Childhood Heart Issues

Research Sheds Light on Open Heart Surgery and Kidney Disease Patients

A study appearing in an upcoming issue of the iJournal of the American Society of Nephrology/i (JASN) says that one type of open heart surgery is likely safer than the other for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.

Open heart, or coronary artery bypass, surgery can be done two ways: on-pump or off-pump, depending on whether the patient is put on a heart-lung machine. Off-pump surgery allows a surgeon to perform a bypass without stopping the heart. This may help cut down on kidney injuries ...

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Increases Risk of Fatal Stroke

Middle aged people suffering from even mild obstructive sleep apnea have a greater risk of experiencing a stroke that can be fatal.

The serious nature of the problem was captured in a landmark study which found that middle-age and older men with even mild levels of OSA were in danger of increased risk of stroke and death. While a link between OSA and stroke is clear, OSA''s effect on the cerebral (brain) vessels is not. In an effort to shed light on this relationship, researchers in Texas have ...

ESC Issues New Heart Failure Guidelines On Devices, Drugs and Diagnosis

The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has issued new recommendations on devices, drugs and diagnosis in heart failure which was launched at the Heart Failure Congress 2012.

The Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 were developed by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC. The Congress is the HFA's main annual meeting.

An analysis of the most up to date clinical evidence ...

Study Warns Soda Drinkers of Higher Stroke Risk

Regular consumption of diet and regular soda raises stroke risk in drinkers, according to researchers. On the contrary, consuming caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee has been found to reduce the risk.

The study - recently published in the iAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition/i - is the first to examine soda's effect on stroke risk. Previous research has linked sugar-sweetened beverage consumption with weight gain, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, gout and coronary artery disease....

Study Elaborates on How to Minimize Stroke Damage

Loyola University Medical Center researchers report that factors as varied as blood sugar, body temperature and position in bed can affect patient outcomes after a stroke.

In a review article in the journal IMedLink Neurology, /Ifirst author Murray Flaster, MD, PhD and colleagues summarize the latest research on caring for ischemic stroke patients. (Most strokes are ischemic, meaning they are caused by blood clots.)

"The period immediately following an acute ischemic stroke is a time of ...

Low-fat Dairy Foods Slash Stroke Risk

Consuming dairy foods that are low in fat may reduce one's risk of developing stroke, claims a new study.

In a Swedish study, among 74,961 adults 45 to 83 years old, those who ate low-fat dairy foods had a 12 percent lower risk of stroke and a 13 percent lower risk of ischemic stroke than those who ate high-fat dairy foods.

Participants were free of heart disease, stroke and cancer at the start of the study. All completed a 96-item food and beverage questionnaire to determine dietary habits....

Guidance for When to Use Cardiac Catheterization to Look for Heart Problems

Research has shown that cardiac catheterization is performed extensively in the United States each year and may often be the best method to diagnose heart problems. This is an invasive diagnostic procedure that allows doctors to see the vessels and arteries leading to the heart and its chambers.

Still, the procedure is costly and may pose risks to certain patients, so determining when the benefits of performing the procedure outweigh the risks is essential. A new report issued today by the American ...

Study Suggests Screening Protocol for Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury That May Help Prevent Stroke

Early detection of blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) after trauma may prevent potentially life-threatening stroke, new research suggests.

The results of the research study were presented at the 80th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) in Miami. The study submission, which has received the Synthes Resident Craniofacial Award, investigates the usefulness of a consensus-based BCVI screening protocol with computed tomographic angiography (CTA) at a level-one trauma center....

Clot-busters Safe For Stroke Patients Taking Warfarin

A research has found that it's safe to treat acute ischemic stroke patients who take warfarin with the clot-busting drug tissue plasminogen activator (tPA).

"Although it's the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat acute ischemic stroke, tPA is underused among patients on home warfarin therapy mainly because of the fear that it will cause bleeding," said Ying Xian, M.D., Ph.D., the study's lead author and a research fellow at Duke Clinical Research Institute, in Durham, N....

Testosterone Supplements Benefit Heart Failure Patients

Testosterone supplements by injections, patch or gel help heart failure patients breathe better and exercise more, reveals research published in iCirculation Heart Failure/i.

Based on the analysis of these studies, those who received supplemental testosterone scored 50 percent better in a six-minute walking test than those receiving placebo.

Also, in two of the studies, the severity of heart failure as measured by the New York Heart Association classification system improved one to ...

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