Childhood Heart Issues

ALCAPA with normal left coronary artery flow pattern and demonstration of flow reversal on oxygen inhalation

Anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is an uncommon congenital heart defect. In most of the cases it presents in early infancy when the pulmonary artery pressure decreases and pulmonary vascular resistance falls. ECG and chest X-ray help in diagnosing this condition, however, transthoracic echocardiography confirms the diagnosis in most of the cases. 2D echo shows origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery and on colour Doppler retrograde flow is seen in left main, left anterior descending and left circumflex coronary arteries.

Myocardial perfusion reserve index in children with Kawasaki disease

Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Elevated Blood Glucose Levels may pose Heart Defect Risk to Infants

ul class = "group-list punch-points"'
liElevated glucose values during early pregnancy can be associated with increased risk for congenital heart disease in babies/li
liEarly recognition of the defects prenatally can improve patient outcomes as both the mother and baby can receive specialized care/li
liCongenital heart risk was found to be elevated to 8 percent for every 10 milligrams per deciliter increase in blood glucose level/li/ul

Higher blood sugar ...

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