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For adults younger than 78, risk for heart disease linked to risk for problems walking

Problems with balance, walking speed, and muscle strength become more common as we age, and can lead to disability. In fact, studies show that for older adults, having a slower walking speed can help predict chronic illness, hospitalization, and even death.

Despite majority of US states requiring CPR training, wide variability exists

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is known to improve survival of cardiac arrest; however, there is a disparate geographic variation in cardiac arrest survival and only a small number of the U.S. population is trained in CPR annually. According to the Institute for Medicine (IOM), high school students may be an excellent target for CPR training. A review published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found that over half of U.S. states require some form of CPR training in high school, but there is wide variability in instruction.

New oral anticoagulant drugs associated with lower kidney risks

Mayo Clinic researchers have shown a link between which type of oral anticoagulant (blood-thinning medication) a patient takes to prevent a stroke and increased risks of kidney function decline or failure.

Quickly treating mini-stroke can cut risk for future stroke

(HealthDay)—Prompt treatment of a mini-stroke could reduce the likelihood of having a full-blown stroke by roughly 80 percent, according to a new report.

Some cancer therapies may provide a new way to treat high blood pressure

Drugs designed to halt cancer growth may offer a new way to control high blood pressure (hypertension), say Georgetown University Medical Center investigators. The finding could offer a real advance in hypertension treatment because although a number of high blood pressure drugs are now available, they work by different mechanisms that are not suited for all patients.

E-cigarette flavorings may impair heart muscle function

By studying heart muscle cells in the laboratory, researchers found that some flavorings in e-cigarette liquids, such as citrus, may have harmful effects.

What is bigeminy?

A look at bigeminy, a condition where the heart's rhythm feels off-kilter. Included is detail on the definition and diagnosis of the condition.

Higher positive end-expiratory pressure no benefit in ARDS

(HealthDay)—For patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), higher positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels are not likely to improve clinical outcomes, according to a review published in the October issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Allopurinol has little benefit in cardiac syndrome X

(HealthDay)—Allopurinol does not appear to improve exercise capacity or peripheral endothelial or coronary function in patients with cardiac syndrome X, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in Cardiovascular Therapeutics.

Generous people 'listen to their hearts,' quite literally

New research measures interoception, or people's ability to 'listen' to their bodies, and their willingness to give away money. The heart plays a key role.

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