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Few smokers hospitalized with CHD get smoking cessation meds

(HealthDay)—Few smokers hospitalized for coronary heart disease (CHD) receive smoking cessation pharmacotherapy (SCP), according to a research letter published online Aug. 21 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

NT-ProBNP-guided treatment no benefit in high-risk HFrEF

(HealthDay)—For high-risk patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), an amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)-guided treatment strategy does not improve clinical outcomes versus usual care, according to a study published in the Aug. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Occult cancer found in ~5 percent with unprovoked VTE

(HealthDay)—About one in 20 patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE) have occult cancer detected within one year, according to a review published online Aug. 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Higher BMI in childhood linked to adult stroke risk

(HealthDay)—Above-average childhood body mass index (BMI) and increases in BMI during childhood are associated with increased risk of early adult ischemic stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in JAMA Neurology.

New guidelines point way toward more effectively addressing hypertension in kids, teens

The first new national guidelines since 2004 on identifying and treating high blood pressure in children and adolescents (aged 3-18 years old) have been published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which convened a panel of experts to produce the new recommendations. The AAP report, Clinical Practice Guideline for Screening and Management of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents, offers a series of evidence-based recommendations for pediatricians derived from a comprehensive review of nearly 15,000 medical studies published since 2004.

Researchers link high levels of 'good' cholesterol with excessive mortality

It has been accepted wisdom for many years that the more good cholesterol people have in their blood, the better. But the good cholesterol, also known as HDL, might not be as good as we think.

'Shapeshifter' that regulates blood clotting is visually captured for the first time

We are normally born with a highly sophisticated array of molecules that act as "sentries," constantly scanning our bodies for injuries such as cuts and bruises. One such molecular sentry, known as von Willebrand factor (VWF), plays a critical role in our body's ability to stop bleeding.

Morning Break: Eclipse Aftermath; Health Reform's Friendly Skies; Specialists' 'Thrones'

(MedPage Today) -- Health news and commentary from around the Web gathered by the MedPage Today staff

Dramatic new studies into inflammation in the infarcted heart could lead to changes in therapy

A medical research collaborative has demonstrated that the response of the human heart to an infarction is very different than previously thought. The study, led by cardiologist Borja Ibáñez and published as two independent articles in the leading journals Circulation and Circulation Research overturns the established view that an infarction is followed by progressive repair of the myocardium.

Heart failure patients, clinicians have differing perceptions of risk level

Physicians identified a majority of patients with advanced heart failure as at high risk for transplant, left ventricular assist device (LVAD) or death while few of those patients considered...

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